My research interests span social, political, applied, and clinical contexts to address questions about gender, social justice, social change, and well-being. In particular, I am interested in identifying the social psychological processes that serve as barriers to social equality as well as those which facilitate it.
In a particular strand of this research, I examine self-objectification (a particular type of self-perception and self-consciousness that emerges primarily among girls and women in response to the accumulated experiences of sexual objectification and sexism in their day-to-day lives) among girls and women. This research has demonstrated that the impact of self-objectification extends beyond negative body image and poor mental health to function as a psychological device that maintains the gender status quo and disrupts women's engagement in collective action on their own behalf.
My research areas broadly include:
* psychological determinants of system justification and social change
* problems of (and solutions to) objectification of others and self-objectification
* social psychology of gender, class, and inequality
* social psychological underpinnings of (and interventions for) dysfunctional exercise and eating
* motivated social cognition
- Applied Social Psychology
- Gender Psychology
- Group Processes
- Intergroup Relations
- Motivation, Goal Setting
- Personality, Individual Differences
- Political Psychology
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Self and Identity
- Social Cognition
- Wellness and Body Image in Women
- Calogero, R. M., Tantleff-Dunn, S., & Thompson, J. K. (2011). Self-objectification in women: Causes, consequences, and counteractions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Bardi, A., Calogero, R. M., & Mullen, B. (2008). A new archival approach to the study of values and value-behavior relations: Validation of the value lexicon. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 483-497.
- Calogero, R. M. (2013). Objects don’t object: Evidence that self-objectification disrupts women’s social activism. Psychological Science.
- Calogero, R. M. (2009). Objectification processes and disordered eating in British women and men. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 394-402.
- Calogero, R. M. (2004). A test of objectification theory: Effect of the male gaze on appearance concerns in college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28, 16-21.
- Calogero, R. M., Bardi, A., & Sutton, R. M. (2009). Needing values: Associations between the need for cognitive closure and people’s value priorities. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 154-159.
- Calogero, R. M., Herbozo, S., & Thompson, J. K. (2009). Complimentary weightism: The potential costs of appearance-related commentary for women’s self-objectification. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33, 120-132.
- Calogero, R. M., & Jost, J. T. (2011). Self-subjugation among women: Sexist ideology, self-objectification, and the buffering function of the need to avoid closure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 211-228.
- Calogero, R. M. & Mullen, B. (2008). About face: Facial prominence of George W. Bush in political cartoons as a function of war. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 107-116.
- Calogero, R. M., Park. L. E., Rahemtulla, Z. K., & Williams, K. C. D. (2010). Predicting excessive body image concerns among British university students: The unique role of appearance-based rejection sensitivity. Body Image, 7, 78-81.
- Calogero, R. M. & Pedrotty, K. N. (2004). The practice and process of healthy exercise: An investigation of the treatment of exercise abuse in women with eating disorders. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 12, 273-291.
- Calogero, R. M., & Pina, A. (2011). Body guilt: Preliminary evidence for a further subjective experience of self-objectification. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35, 428-440.
- Calogero, R. M. & Thompson, J. K. (2009). Potential implications of the objectification of women’s bodies for women’s sexual satisfaction. Body Image, 6, 145-148.
- Calogero, R. M. & Watson, N. (2009). Self-discrepancy and chronic social self-consciousness: Unique and interactive effects of gender and real-ought discrepancy. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 642-647.
- Mond, J. M., & Calogero, R. M. (2009). Excessive exercise in eating disorder patients and in healthy women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 227-234.
- Calogero, R. M. (in press). On objects and actions: Situating self-objectification in a system justification context. In S. Gervais (Ed.), Nebraska Motivation Symposium: Vol. 60. Perspectives on motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
- Calogero, R. M. (2012). Objectification theory, self-objectification, and body image. In T. F. Cash (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance (Vol.2, pp. 574-580). San Diego: Academic Press.
- Calogero, R. M., Boroughs, M., & Thompson, J. K. (2007). The impact of Western beauty ideals on the lives of women and men: A sociocultural perspective. In V. Swami & A. Furnham (Eds.), Body beautiful: Evolutionary and sociocultural perspectives (pp. 259-298). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Calogero, R. M., & Pedrotty, K. N. (2010). Incorporating exercise into the treatment and recovery of eating disorders: Cultivating a mindful approach. In M.Maine, D. Bunnell, & B. H. McGilley (Eds.), Treatment of eating disorders: Bridging the research-practice gap (pp. 425-441). New York: Elsevier.
- Calogero, R. M., & Pedrotty, K. N. (2007). Daily practices for mindful exercise. In L. L'Abate, D. Embry, & M. Baggett (Eds.), Handbook of low-cost preventive interventions for physical and mental health: Theory, research, and practice (pp.141-160). New York: Springer-Verlag.
Rachel M. Calogero
School of Psychology
University of Kent
Canterbury CT2 7NP
- Phone: +44 (0)1227 827998